Female Combatants

Biographical details of female combatants mentioned in Kathleen Lynn's 1916 diary entries

 

Who's who in the Kathleen Lynn diaries

Barrett, Kathleen was born Kathleen Connolly in 1887, the sister of Sean Connolly. She was a member of the Irish Citizen Army, stationed at Dublin City Hall on Easter Monday. That evening, following the re-capture of City Hall, she was arrested and held in Ship Street Barracks, Richmond Barracks and Kilmainham Gaol.

Brady, Bridget was born in 1896, joined the Irish Citizen Army in 1913. Brady was stationed at City Hall on Easter Monday. That evening, following the recapture of City Hall, she was arrested and held in Ship Street Barracks, Richmond Barracks and Kilmainham Gaol.

Davies, Bridget was a nurse and member of the Irish Citizen Army and was stationed at City Hall on Easter Monday. That evening, following the recapture of City Hall, she was arrested and held in Ship Street Barracks, Richmond Barracks and Kilmainham Gaol.

ffrench-Mullen, Madeleine was born in 1880. She was involved in the Republican movement, and the 1913 Lock-Out. She joined the Irish Citizen Army in 1913, where she met Dr Kathleen Lynn. She and Lynn lived together from 1915 to ffrench-Mullen’s death, in 1944. She was a Lieutenant in the Irish Citizen Army, and was stationed on Stephen’s Green during the Rising. After the surrender she was arrested and held in Richmond Barracks, Mountjoy and Kilmainham Gaols.

Gifford, Grace was born in Dublin in 1888. After witnessing the deplorable conditions in the slums of Dublin, Gifford and her sisters began working with several groups, such as Daughters of Erin, to help improve the lives of the poor. Grace first met Joseph Plunkett at the opening of St Enda's School; they planned to marry on the 23rd of April 1916. Grace’s sister Murial Gifford was married to Plunkett’s friend, and fellow nationalist, Thomas MacDonagh. In the aftermath of the Easter Rising, when Plunkett learned that he was to be executed, he sought permission to marry Grace. On the 3rd May 1916, at 6.00pm, Grace married Plunkett in Kilmainham Goal. He was executed the next day.

Gifford, Helen (Nellie) was born in Dublin in 1880. She was involved with the Irish Women's Franchise League, where she became part of the circle of Countess Markievicz. Gifford was a strong supporter of the labour movement, and a founding member of the Irish Citizen Army. Gifford served with the Citizen Army at St Stephen's Green. After the surrender she was arrested and held in Kilmainham Gaol. Helen’s sister Muriel Gifford had married Thomas MacDonagh, in 1912. Her sister Grace would marry Joseph Plunkett the day before his execution, in May 1916.

Lynch, Elizabeth was born in September 1895. Lynch worked for Countess Markievicz at her home, Surrey House. She was in the Irish Citizen Army and was stationed at City Hall. That evening, following the recapture of City Hall, she was arrested and held in Ship Street Barracks, Richmond Barracks and Kilmainham Gaol.

Markiewicz, Constance (Countess) was born in 1868. During her career, she was elected to both the UK Parliament and Irish Dáil. She played a key role in the Irish revolutionary era, fighting in the 1916 Rising and helping to found Fianna Éireann, Cumann na mBan, the Irish Citizen Army and Fianna Fáil. She died from complications from appendicitis surgery in 1927.

Molony, Helena (Emer) was born in Dublin in 1884. She became involved in politics, in 1903, after hearing Maud Gonne speak. In 1913, she was treated by Kathleen Lynn and recuperated at her house; she introduced Lynn to the Republican movement. Molony was involved in the preparations for the Rising, as organisers used the Irish Women Workers’ Union, where she worked, for meetings. On Easter Monday she was stationed at City Hall. That evening, following the recapture of City Hall, she was arrested and held in Ship Street Barracks, Richmond Barracks and Kilmainham Gaol.

Norgrove, Annie sister of Emily, was stationed at City Hall on Easter Monday 1916. That evening, following the recapture of City Hall, she was arrested and held in Ship Street Barracks, Richmond Barracks and Kilmainham Gaol.

Norgrove, Emily was born in November 1897. She served with the Irish Citizen Army and took part in the capture of City Hall, with her sister Annie, on Easter Monday. That evening, following the recapture of City Hall, she was arrested and held in Ship Street Barracks, Richmond Barracks and Kilmainham Gaol.

O’Farrell, Elizabeth was born in Dublin in 1884. On Easter Sunday 1916 O’Farrell was entrusted to deliver the official order to units in Galway that the Rising would take place on Easter Monday. On her return to Dublin she was stationed at the GPO. O’ Farrell was chosen to accompany Pearse when he delivered his surrender to General Lowe, and to deliver the orders to surrender to the outposts around the city. Although General Lowe had promised O’Farrell that she would not be, she was arrested, and spent one night in Kilmainham Gaol before being released on Lowe’s orders.

Perolz, Mary was born in Limerick in 1874. She joined the Citizen Army at its inception and had huge admiration for Connolly, Mallin and Countess Markievicz. Perolz carried the order for the Rising to Waterford, Cork, Limerick and Tipperary. On her return to Dublin, she reported to Liberty Hall, and was tasked with delivering messages and guns. Perolz was arrested on 2nd May, and held in Richmond Barracks, Mountjoy and Kilmainham Gaols.

Plunkett, Josehine - born Josephine Cranny in Dublin in 1858, she married George Nobel Plunkett, a papal count, in 1884. They had a large family, including Joseph Plunkett. Countess Plunkett was heavily involved in the Easter Rising. She was arrested after the Rising and held in Richmond Barracks, Mountjoy and Kilmainham Gaols.

Shanahan, Jane joined the Irish Citizen Army in 1913, and was stationed at City Hall on Easter Monday. That evening, following the re-capture of City Hall, she was arrested and held in Ship Street Barracks, Richmond Barracks and Kilmainham Gaol.

Tretson, Catherine was a member of the Cumann na mBan-Central Branch, and a nurse. During Easter Week she was stationed at the GPO. Following the surrender, she was arrested and held in Richmond Barracks and Kilmainham Gaol.